Before winter and any autumn gales, it is wise to tie in any climbing or rambling rose stems to their supports and cut off any growing away from them or that cannot be safely tied in.
For shrub roses, whatever type or size, cut back long stems by a third to a half to reduce wind resistance which can cause wind rock and loosen the roots and thus damage the plants.
Leave the main pruning to next spring when you start by pruning out any dead or broken stems back to a pair of healthy buds. The rest of the rpuning depends on the rose type. This may help - https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=186 just scroll down to what you need.
Give roses a generous feed in spring - a mulch of well rotted manure or garden compost mixed with pelleted chicken manure or blood, fish and bone. Give them a liquid tonic of rose or tomato food every couple of weeks from March to end of June.
Yorkslass - clematis pruning timing and extent depends on which one it is. Do you have a name?