Black spot

Time to act:

Jun, Jul, Aug, Mar, Apr, May

Leaves and sometimes stems are marked by dark blotches caused by a fungus. The spores overwinter on fallen leaves, stem lesions and bud scales, and reinfect the plant the next spring when there's a flush of new foliage. If these leaves are then infected, they too eventually turn yellow and drop. If not dealt with, the plant will weaken.

Rose black spot is very similar and can be dealt with in the same way.

Symptoms

Leaves are marked with purple or brownish-black spots, then turn yellow and fall. Smaller marks sometimes also blotch the stems. Plants can be weakened by regular attacks.

Find it on

shrubs, roses

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Organic

Fallen, affected leaves must be promptly destroyed, along with any stems showing signs of infection. The best way to avoid the problem - which thrives in warm, wet conditions - is to lay a thick mulch around the plant. This helps lock moisture in the ground, and stops rain splashing the spores from the soil on to new growth.

Chemical

Spray with a fungicide containing myclobutanil. Begin spraying each fortnight from early spring, just as the new foliage emerges, as a preventative measure.

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