Try slug nematodes. I've been using them for about 3 years now, getting very little slug damage and my garden has a grass field and ditch on one side and a wild area on the other. They might seem expensive (£23 to treat 100 square metres) but that is only the cost of a couple of decent sized plants and I lost far more than that to slugs each year before I started using nemaslug. As long as you apply them correctly (onto already damp soil when temperatures don't go below 5C) and follow the instructions on the pack, they do work.
It looks like a jelly fungus. You can remove the fruiting bodies (which is what is in the photo) if you don't like them but the main part of it is in thin sheets underground. It is doing no harm and is beneficial as it is breaking down dead woody stuff in the soil into a form that plants can use. Nothing to worry about.
The clematis might be Polish Spirit which is very prolific and flowering at the moment. If so, it's a Group 3 so cut back to 30cm in late winter/early spring.
It's called phyllody. This may either help or just serve to confuse you more:
But a happy outcome the next year:
Last edited: 18 July 2016 23:23:23
Hedgehogs are carnivores so I don't see why they would be suspects unless the roots are being eaten by vine weevils. Have a dig around in the soil and see if you can find any C shaped grubs which may be whatever did this are really after. If you find any they have done you a favour as vine weevils will eat all of the roots and you'll be left with just dead strawberry tops!
Squirrels ripped mine out early in the year and ate the top fleshy part just as they were beginning to grow and left just the roots laying on the top of the soil but they haven't bothered with them for a couple of months now.
Berghill is right about growing from seed. You might also have to plant 30x root stocks to get 10 grafted trees as many of the grafts will fail and put you back at square one. They may even fail at 2 or 3 years old. Paying a bit extra for a nursery to take all of those losses for you is well worth it in my opinion, particularly as you'll be eating apples a lot sooner than doing it yourself. However, I do appreciate the sentiment and doing it yourself means you can use varieties from trees that you have personally eaten and like the apples from which may in some cases not even be known.
They need ericaceous but free draining compost Cloggie. Some ericaceous composts are much too heavy and the roots will rot over the winter in those (this happened to a couple of mine when I used a different brand of compost.) I ended up mixing the heavy stuff with composted bark chips and the ones planted in that mixture are doing really well. While you should never let them dry out completely, waterlogging will kill them just as surely as it will most plants.
If you spray with Epsom salts, the dosage is 20g per litre (1/2oz per pint.) Oh, and don't spray in strong sunlight - best wait for an overcast day.
Last edited: 17 July 2016 20:56:09
The last two are very dark green types added to provide good colour and the first is a fine-leaved one so it is probably Eurosport which I don't know anything about. It could also be a wild interloper of course!