Posted: 28/02/2014 at 15:41
It will take a lot of digging, but, luckily, conifers have shallow roots. I dug out a big one and made a flower bed where it was but I dug in loads of manure and compost. Soil under conifers gets very poor and dry.
For birds it would be good if the new shrubs could have berries, like cotoneaster, which is also evergreen, hawthorn or viburnum opulus. Rhododrendrons and azaleas need acid soil. Do you know what yours is?