Latest posts by Edd

Vermicomposting for begginers

Posted: 17/05/2016 at 23:25

Forwarded Email. That everybody should know if you love your worms!!!

Hi Edd.

"What is the nutritional content of and how to improve the
nutritional quality of vermicompost?" .

Thanks for the PM Hun.

I think I have to share thi9s one.

The quality of compost has been discussed before, especially ( Hot composting and cold composting and worm composting?).

There is a Huge difference and it depends where you live and your climate and what you have to feed the worms!)

Thanks for the question.

The short answer is "it depends", since different vermicomposts will have different nutrient contents. The primary determining factor when it comes to
compost nutrients is of course the starting material.

There is no doubt that a vermicompost made from paper sludge will have a different nutrient profile than one made from cow/horse manure and straw (other possible sources of shit available examples). For that matter, even different manure vermicomposts can have significantly different levels of nutrients, depending on the type of animals, what they were fed, what their living conditions were at the time etc.

The best way to ensure a fairly uniform nutrient profile in your worm compost is to use the same feedstock, in the same proportions, from the same source every time. But do make sure that they are not full of chemicals from crop spraying and other contaminants. ( we want it clean 


With all that being said though, let me at least attempt to provide you with some idea of the nutrient content of vermicomposts in general. ( this is from old tests from American universities and new re tests. (Basically. old info I have, that has been re tested and proved right)

Here is a quote from my old files. Composting expert Dr. Scott Subler (from correspondence on a composting email group, that i have on record.):

"The reported range of nutrient contents in vermicomposts is quite wide, as it is in composts, although total N and P don't appear to reach levels quite as high as found in some composts (e.g., poultry litter composts). Vermicomposts based on animalmanure feedstocks typically contain 2-3% N (dry wt basis), with
slightly higher values reported for biosolids vermicompost (up to 3.5% N) and lower values (<2% N) reported for some food
waste vermicomposts. Available nitrogen often comprises a relatively high proportion of total N, with very low ammonium-N and very high nitrate-N being characteristic of many vermicomposts."

To back up what Dr. Subler says, here are some actual nutrient profiles for several types of vermicompost, as reported in a
couple academic studies: ( These NPK are true as i have tested them over years. Still can't find the right mix though.)

Pig Manure vermicompost % N/P/K/Organic C/Ca/Mg/Fe:
(Atiyeh et al. 2001)

Food Waste vermicompost % N/P/K/organic C/Mg/Fe:

Paper Waste Vermicompost % N/P/K/Organic C/Mg/Fe:
(Arancon et al. 2004)

So, while pig manure vermicompost seems to have more nitrogen and phosphorus, the food & paper waste vermicomposts seem to have much more potassium (K) and organic C. While this should at least give you some idea of what you can expect, these figures definitely aren't set in stone by any means. As far as boosting nutrient levels in composts and vermicomposts there seem to be a variety of options for doing so.

My thinking approach, from resent thoughts was (Ussery, 2007) involves growing certain species of plants known for 'mining' nutrients. 

Horse shit/ Comfrey/ River sand (Micro nutrient) and some cardboard or new News paper. 


Last edited: 17 May 2016 23:35:42

Yellow edges on new leaves

Posted: 11/05/2016 at 00:44

Many things cause "yellowing of leaf" as mentioned it could be lack of magnesium, or too much water or lack of it! It's hard to tell.

It sounds like they have had a cold (frost) spell over night and this has damaged the leaf. 

If the plant is looking strong without any wilting and there is new growth then don't worry. 

I would lay off the watering for 2/3 weeks and see what happens (unless it really gets hot and dries out and then starts to wilt.) The soil should be moist and not wet.

I'm sure it's just the variation in temp at this time of year.

Please try it and see what happens. ( a bit of feed before you stop watering would not hurt) 

Let us know how you get on and remember if it starts to wilt then it's not the watering.

HELLO FORKERS April 2016 Edition

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:53

You own are always funnier Verdun

Good night. Verdun

Thought my luke was in but OH is now looking for a Alka-Seltzer after dropping half a aspirin. 


Soil for pots

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:47

You need a compost heap Lorna95.

Preferably with these. 



Grass not growing

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:42

I know you are right Dave. But I bet Verdun has . Enter stage right. 




Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:24

" like a Geordie, it's happiest in shorts and t shirt " 

We only where them because we have been left in so much sh*t up here. 

We have to dig through 2 foot of snow to find the frost nevermind coal or steel!!!



Bumble Bees

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:18

Perhaps the smell off your trainers stunned the bee and after it was shaken out it was still a bit woozy. Have you tested them on your other half??? 

There is always the option of riding free on the motorcycle into the sunset if they still stink. Perhaps that will work for the smell!!!

Then again you will have to find the sun

HELLO FORKERS April 2016 Edition

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 22:05

I see you mentioned...... "cause not known yet" 

Did you have a garden party again Verdun?

Sorry to here about your loss Verdun

Well actually that is not true. I could not give a sh*t apart from the fact that it upsets you and I do not want you to feel that way.

I bet he was a great guy and by the very limited text you have given me he sounds like he meant a lot to you. I understand the loss with that bit.

Sorry, but you know I'm blunt.

Can you remember when you and he did ...

(I'm here if you need to talk Verdun. Promise I will only listen. PM me if needed, any time you like mate) 

 It's my way of saying... We miss you when your not funny!

It's been nearly 18 month now!!! 


Posted: 28/04/2016 at 21:38
B3 wrote (see)

Hello Edd,

Is this affecting alliums?


Frost kills.B3

Your new-look forum

Posted: 28/04/2016 at 21:32


I hate being told when I should be happy.


(Oh says she has special gear for that. Pleased the new horse riding gear, I got her for Christmas has come in useful.)

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