it would take a top class spurgeologist to ID the species/cultivar
the flower, as you suspect, isn't from the same plant Emmalily
What are you trying to grow? Some perennials are much more reliable than others and only the hardy annuals seed o from year to year.
I'd say creeping buttercup. Meadow Bs have more finely divided leaves.
I think the weird extension will open into a flower.
probably mildew. I wouldn't worry at this time of year. Are they scabious or the similar Knautia macedonica? they are very prone to mildew.
I think those with the different coloured berries, in GCs now, are varieties of Hypericum x inodorum
I should think so H-C
not a juniper. Picea probably - spruce
Yes, as jansi says, a cotoneaster. no doubt about that. I couldn't say which one
I'm more ruthless each year