Not much did stick from my education Dove
Salvia is a genus Dove, officinalis, microphylla etc are species,
'Madeline' will be a cultivar or hybrid of something, not one I know
Surely there are longer, more impressive sounding words for thorns and prickles
They come from cool Northern Europe. In the Uk if we want to grow tropical plants we have a heated greenhouse or conservatory.
You may have to provide the opposite of this
They need sowing fresh so put them on when the pods open
Salvia as Edd says. Not got a clue which one of about 5000
True Gemma, I can see the leaves of sternbergia emerging from the heap and some narcissi. Haven't seen any snowdrops yet, any day now maybe
I find bulbs on the compost heap Gemma. It's usually me that put them there
Sow them and grow some more
One of the Mahonia x media cultivars.