I don't think that's any sort of hogweed, or anything else in that family.
Looks like a thistle or echinops
I don't know if you have vehicle access but tying a rope round one, tying it to the back of the car, then driving away slowly while a second person hacks at the roots, is very satisfactory
what is beedance?
sylvestris maybe or a garden variety of it
Don't forget the ongoing effect of systemic insecticides, Aphids eat poison, ladybirds and blue tits eat aphids
how does that white hosta survived with no chlorophyll?
I think I would back that for the compost heap, it would never be robust enough for garden life
Big pompom dahlias and chrysanths, huge flowered fuchsias,
I love euphorbias
Coleus will be on the heap
also add lime green/yellow leaves with pink flowers as B3 suggests
and that spready geranium with yellow leaves and purplish flowers
and yellow leaves generally
spiraeas, all of them, bedding plants, Salix 'Flamingo',
that's a start