Posted: 30/04/2017 at 10:47
Culture is a very loose term to ascribe to gardening. Some British people absolutely loathe gardening and do nothing at all to maintain their plots. Others like it tidy but that is limited to cutting the grass and straightening edges.
Gardeners are people who like pottering with plants and who care about what they grow and try to make it beautiful whether it's a tub, window box, tiny courtyard, suburban plot of country garden. Britain is an island so what we can grow is widely affected by different weather patterns from north to south and east to west as well as different soils and rainfall levels - far more so than I suspect is the case in Russia. Gardeners can be amateurs looking after their own garden or professionals looking after other people's garden or public parks.
Horticulturalists make a living from plants be it research into how to grow and propagate them, developing new varieties, testing new products for pest and disease control, growing in bulk for the mass market or specialising in certain kinds of plants for a nursery, saving seeds and plants in collections to ensure biodiversity is maintained. They can also be plant hunters, seeking out new plants and introducing them to cultivation and, often as not, saving native populations from encroaching development.