With those vicious thorns on the leaves this is a more exotic plant than we get in UK.
I do not think it is Eryngium.
Wait for flowers and please add new pics to this thread... that may really help.
I am not familiar with the weeds/plants in your area
I wonder if it might be Solanum sp.
Such as Solanum mammosum. Time will tell.....
Cannot see any Ivy in your pic.
Please can you add further clear close up pics to this thread.
Really hate the way you cannot edit on here once someone else has posted!
2. Looks like Rhododendron... one normally known by common name Azalea.
I would like to see more pic to try to give accurate ids.
Showing the whole plant.
A good close up of leaves on the twig.
Flower etc .
1. Looks like Skimmia sp.
Agree with fidgetbones.
It is definitely a Rhus
Probably Rhus typhina.
The " red fury/fluffy cone" like growning from it.... are the flowers.
There are hundreds/if not thousands of species and named cultivars of hardy Geraniums.
Even with a pic to show the leaf shape and flowers, id would be difficult to be 100% accurate.
Just wondering if it might be Aconitum sp?
Wait for flowers which will prove if Geranium ... or not
It is a Ruellia sp.
Maybe Ruellia simplex?
Lovely geranium... but it will take over your whole garden!
Should be sold with A HEALTH WARNING!