Posted: 06/08/2014 at 08:47
Good to have a picture catnip.
I have trained pears, apples and gooseberries. Currently cordon and espalier from maiden trees.
You need to have 3 buds/ shoots.....one to grow as the leader and 2 to provide width for an espalier. You let them grow semi vertically and gradually pull down to horizontal wires. The following Year is for another tier of horizontal branches and continuing the leader. You can add tiers every year but 3 to 5 is about right.
Cordons are easy too. Plant at 45 degrees 60 to 90 cm apart on a wall or fence.
Pruning......apples must spur bearing varieties. (need 3 different vsrieties to pollinate) ...is simply to cut back to,short spurs at this time of year.