Posted: 09/03/2017 at 23:06
liriodendron,,it would prob be better to start again with maidens. cutting back into old wood so drastically can be self defeating. Not sure you can bring back conventionally grown trees into espaliers or cordons. How do you plan to do that? Training espaliers etc., is about bending supple new wood, for example, on young trees. Doing this on essentially thick old wood is tricky to say the least.
that mass of new shoots does not produce the sort of wood to convert into espaliers or cordons.
Espaliers, etc. are essentially flat trained against a wall ...?