Posted: 09/03/2017 at 20:14
Most pears are spurs Emma
you cannot train tip bearers as espaliers or cordons
yes, a bit of research is good but awareness of how your trees fruit, where they fruit on the branches, will tell you what sort of bearers they are. Important because if you prune tip bearers by regular pruning you will have little or no fruit.
get to know your plants in your own time Emma. You can gradually identify varieties too by comparing descriptions of apple size, colour, tsste and shape and by when they fruit, viz., late summer early autumn, late autumn. Sounds complicated but isn't really