Abies balsamea

Balsam fir

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Key information

Plant type

Evergreen tree





Skill level


Abies balsamea

Plant details

Abies are evergreen conifers with long narrow leaves, borne in whorls on the branches. They are best grown in full sun, planted in a moist, fertile soil with good drainage. Most Abies are long lived, and some species can reach heights above 60m. 

Abies balsamea, one of the much smaller and shorter-lived species, comonly used as a Christmas tree. It has has dense, fresh green needle-like leaves, an attractive grey bark, scented resin and bears cylindrical cones that are purplish in colour.

Grow Abies balsamea in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Water regularly during hot dry weather.

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Abies

Species: balsamea

Plant type: Evergreen tree

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Cones

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Moist/Well-drained/light

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 4000cm

Spread: 2000cm

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