Ailanthus altissima

Tree of heaven

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree

Flower colour



Attractive seed-heads, Flowers



Skill level


photo by Fiona McLeod, copyright GAP Photos (229080)

Plant details

The tree of heaven makes a beautiful specimen tree for a large garden or a stunning shrub where space is limited, provided it is cut back hard each spring. It is grown for its attractive foliage and colourful, winged fruit, which follows the small, green, summer flowers. To guarantee a good display of fruit, it is best to grow more than one tree as individual plants usually produce either male or female flowers, and both sexes are required to produce fruit. Hot summers usually see the most profuse flowering and fruiting.

Family: Simaroubaceae

Genus: Ailanthus

Species: altissima

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Flower colour: Green

Foliage colour: Dark green

Feature: Attractive seed-heads, Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 2500cm

Spread: 1500cm

Time to plant seeds: February to March

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