Allium sativum


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Key information

Plant type


Flower colour




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photo by Pernilla Bergdahl, copyright GAP Photos (117450)

Plant details

Garlic is one of the oldest plants and is most known for its use in flavouring food. It has also been credited with many nutritional and medicinal properties. Although it may be planted right into spring, the best yields are to be gained from those planted before the end of the year. It is liable to rotting, so make sure that the ground is free-draining. Plant each clove about 10cm apart with the pointed end uppermost, just below the soil surface. Harvesting takes place from late spring through to late summer. The bulbs are mature when the stems start to turn yellow and flop. Bulbs should keep for quite some time if stored properly: either plait bulbs into a length to hang up or store somewhere dry where there is plenty of air circulation.

Family: Alliaceae

Genus: Allium

Species: sativum

Plant type: Vegetable

Flower colour: White

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 60cm

Spread: 10cm

Time to plant: October to February

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