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Betula nigra

Black birch

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree

Flower colour



Colourful bark



Skill level


photo by Ron Evans, copyright GAP Photos (121823)

Plant details

A change from the traditional silver birch, the black birch makes a striking specimen plant for medium-sized gardens, although it isn't as the name suggests black. Its bark peels attractively in papery sheets creating a bold effect during the winter months that will rival any flowering plant at this time. It is an exceptionally beautiful specimen tree, even more impressive when several are planted close together to make a small clump, and stands out quite startlingly against a foil of dark green woodland or evergreen hedging. In autumn the foliage is vivid yellow.

Family: Betulaceae

Genus: Betula

Species: nigra

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Flower colour: Brown

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Colourful bark

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Acidic, Sandy

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 1800cm

Spread: 1000cm

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