Betula pendula

Silver birch

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Key information

Plant type

Native tree


Colourful bark, Flowers



Skill level


Betula pendula

Plant details

The plain silver or common birch, Betula pendula, is a fantastic landscape tree, grown for its white bark, spring catkins and pretty yellow autumn foliage. It's a fantastic choice for wildlife, supporting a wide range of species including moths and birds. It makes a fine hedge, or may be grown as a screen or windbreak. It also works well as a specimen tree in a large garden. It has a graceful, upright habit which gradually becomes weeping with maturity. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Like all birches, Betula pendula thrives in most situations, but for best results grow in moist but well-drained soil in sun to partial shade. It can be grown on its own as a focal point in the garden, or in groups.

Family: Betulaceae

Genus: Betula

Species: pendula

Plant type: Native tree

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Colourful bark, Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Acidic, Moist, Sandy

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 2500cm

Spread: 1000cm

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