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Carpinus betulus


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Key information

Plant type

Native tree


Attractive to wildlife



Skill level


Carpinus betulus

Plant details

Similar in appearance to beech, hornbeam, Carpinus betulus, makes a superb specimen tree or hedging plant. Grown as a tree, it has a pyramidal shape that later becomes more rounded. As a formal hedge it requires clipping once a year in mid- to late summer to keep it looking tidy. Although it is deciduous, it retains its coppery dead leaves throughout the winter so it remains an effective screen. Green catkins appear in spring and winged nuts develop in autumn.

For best results grow Carpinus betulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.

Family: Corylaceae

Genus: Carpinus

Species: betulus

Plant type: Native tree

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Attractive to wildlife

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Chalky/alkaline

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 2500cm

Spread: 2000cm

Time to plant seeds: October to November

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