Carpinus betulus

Hornbeam

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Key information

Plant type

Native tree

Feature

Attractive to wildlife

Hardiness

Hardy

Skill level

Beginner

Carpinus betulus

Plant details

Similar in appearance to beech, hornbeam makes a superb specimen tree or hedging plant. Grown as a tree, it has a pyramidal shape that later becomes more rounded. As a formal hedge it requires clipping once a year in mid- to late summer to keep it looking tidy. Although it is deciduous, it retains its coppery dead leaves throughout the winter so it remains an effective screen. Green catkins appear in spring and winged nuts develop in autumn.

Family: Corylaceae

Genus: Carpinus

Species: betulus

Plant type: Native tree

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Attractive to wildlife

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Chalky/alkaline

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 2500cm

Spread: 2000cm

Time to plant seeds: October to November


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