Eschscholzia californica 'Alba'

California Poppy

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Key information

Plant type

Hardy annual

Flower colour






Skill level


photo by Maddie Thornhill, copyright GAP Photos (166857)

Plant details

The California poppy (named the California state flower in 1890) has long been a favourite hardy, drought-tolerant annual that once sown will self seed for many years, often forming a mat of bluish-grey foliage that gives rise to delightful, single, poppy flowers, 7cm (3in) across. The flowers close at night, re-opening each morning. In some Mediterranean countries, this plant readily seeds itself becoming a weed in the countryside, but fortunately in the UK it is unlikely to be problem. Fully hardy, it prefers a sunny position and grows well in poor, well-drained soil. It is ideal for rock gardens and gaps in paving. Dead-head regularly to ensure a long flowering period.

Family: Papaveraceae

Genus: Eschscholzia

Species: californica

Cultivar: Alba

Plant type: Hardy annual

Flower colour: White

Foliage colour: Blue-green

Feature: Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 15cm

Spread: 30cm

Flowering period: July to September

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