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Euonymus europaeus

Spindle tree

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Key information

Plant type

Native shrub

Flower colour



Attractive seed-heads, Autumn colour, Flowers



Skill level


Euonymus europaeus

Plant details

The spindle tree, Euonymus europaeus, is a large native shrub, producing dense hard wood that traditionally was used for making spindles and other small implements. In autumn the foliage turns a dramatic shade of red, complementing the orange-pink winged fruit, which remain on the tree long after the leaves have fallen.

Euonymus europaeus is the perfect shrub to plant as a focal point in the front garden, where its beauty can be appreciated. But it also works well in a winter border, underplanted with spring flowers. For best results grow in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.

Family: Celastraceae

Genus: Euonymus

Species: europaeus

Plant type: Native shrub

Flower colour: Green

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Attractive seed-heads, Autumn colour, Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Chalky/alkaline, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 300cm

Spread: 250cm

Time to plant seeds: October to January

Flowering period: May to June

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