Fagus sylvatica 'Cockleshell'

Common beech

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree

Flower colour



Autumn colour, Flowers, Fruit



Skill level


photo by John Glover, copyright GAP Photos (72559)

Plant details

The common beech is a long-lived tree. It is very large, over 30m (100ft) high, which thrives on lighter soils, especially chalky ones. There are many smaller decorative varieties more suitable for gardens, including 'Rotundifolia', a very upright tree with long ascending branches. 'Cockleshell' is a selected form, even more columnar and so making a strong statement when planted in a conspicuous position. The leaves are smaller than those of other beeches, and more rounded, but with the same distinctive bronze colouring in autumn.

Family: Fagaceae

Genus: Fagus

Species: sylvatica

Cultivar: Cockleshell

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Flower colour: Yellow

Foliage colour: Dark green

Feature: Autumn colour, Flowers, Fruit

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Chalky/alkaline, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 1500cm

Spread: 900cm

Time to plant seeds: October to November

Flowering period: May to June

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