Ficus carica


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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree


Dramatic foliage


Half hardy

Skill level


Ficus carica
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Plant details

Fig, Ficus carica, is native to Syria and Persia, and has been grown in Britain since Roman times. Only a few varieties are hardy enough for outdoor cultivation on warm walls, where they survive most winters unscathed – very hard prolonged frosts may kill all the top growth, but plants revive from below ground. They are best trained on wires for ease of management, with the roots restricted (container cultivation is always successful), otherwise plants make more leaf than fruit. 

Family: Moraceae

Genus: Ficus

Species: carica

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Dramatic foliage

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Moist

Hardiness: Half hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 450cm

Spread: 300cm

Time to take cuttings: March to May

Flowering period: March to April

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