Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum'

Bronze fennel

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Key information

Plant type


Flower colour



Flowers, Aromatic foliage



Skill level


photo by Jo Whitworth, copyright GAP Photos (78251)

Plant details

The bronze or purple form of garden fennel (not to be confused with sweet or Florence fennel, an annual vegetable grown for its swollen bulbs) is a handsome and popular perennial, often planted on its own for impact or combined with bergamot in flower borders. With plenty of humus and water in dry weather, plants develop into magnificent clumps of airy feather foliage, crowned in late summer with large heads of tiny flowers. The seeds are as useful herbally as the leaves, and may be left to ripen as a crop.

Family: Apiaceae

Genus: Foeniculum

Species: vulgare

Cultivar: Purpureum

Plant type: Herb

Flower colour: Yellow

Foliage colour: Bronze

Feature: Flowers, Aromatic foliage

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Dry, Sandy

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 180cm

Spread: 60cm

Time to plant seeds: March to May

Reader reviews


Bronze Fennel is so attractive in the garden , but not only that it makes a great partner with lemon thyme for oven baked fish ....delicious !


I love the look of this herb, it is easy to grow and self seeds. I use the leaves as a garnish for salads, not only does it look pretty, it tastes good!

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