Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair tree

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree

Flower colour



Autumn colour, Fruit



Skill level


Ginkgo biloba

Plant details

Ginkgo biloba is a deciduous conifer, and one of the best known examples of a living fossil, having remained unchanged for millions of years. It's grown in gardens for its attractive shape and the curious fan-shaped leaves, which turn yellow in autumn. Female trees produce small plum-like fruits with rancid flesh, though the kernels are edible.The nut-like gametophytes found inside the seeds are a traditional Chinese food, believed to have health benefits.

For best results grow Ginkgo biloba in well-drained soil in full sun. It rarely suffers disease problems and is attacked by few insects, making it an excellent urban street tree.

Family: Ginkgoaceae

Genus: Ginkgo

Species: biloba

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Flower colour: Yellow

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Autumn colour, Fruit

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Acidic, Chalky/alkaline, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 3000cm

Spread: 800cm

Time to plant seeds: October to March

Reader reviews


It is worth noting that this can be easily raised from cuttings. I have done this in the past and am attempting to do so this Autumn.

David Knowles

It's also worth knowing that my neighbour has one and I hope it has now stopped growing as it is about 60 feet high!! Probably recommended for medium size gardens by some so called garden designers?

Michael Sands

The seeds are suppose to be toxic but a cure to this is suppose to be a tea made from the leaves?
It is a fantastic tree.

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