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Helleborus niger

Christmas rose

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Key information

Plant type

Hardy perennial

Flower colour






Skill level


Helleborus niger

Plant details

The Christmas rose, Helleborus niger, bears large, round, white flat-faced flowers above low-growing mounds of leathery, deep green foliage. It's perfect for growing at the front of a partially shaded border and makes an excellent cut flower – simply float the blooms in a bowl of water to display them.

For best results grow Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained soil in partial shade. Mulch annually with well-rotted compost or manure, and cut back the old leaves as flowers and new foliage appear.

Family: Ranunculaceae

Genus: Helleborus

Species: niger

Plant type: Hardy perennial

Flower colour: White

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Flowers

Sun exposure: Partial shade, Shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Acidic, Chalky/alkaline, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 45cm

Spread: 45cm

Time to plant seeds: September to November

Flowering period: December to February

Reader reviews


It may be called a Christmas rose but this plant has never flowered for me in December. I have clay soil and it thrives well.I have also moved with no problem. It is now the end of December and the flower buds are ready to burst open anytime soon. Apart from removing old leaves and seed heads, very little maintenance.

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