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Monarda didyma


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Key information

Plant type

Hardy perennial

Flower colour



Flowers, Aromatic foliage, Attractive to wildlife



Skill level


Monarda didyma

Plant details

Bergamot has very distinctive flower-heads made up of curving tube-shaped flowers pealing out from the centre, creating a shaggy dome of petals. The plant flowers from mid to late summer, and blooms almost continuously if deadheaded periodically. The foliage is aromatic and leaves are sometimes picked for potpourri. Being attractive to bees it is a good plant for wildlife gardens. On soil that stays moist, plants can spread fairly quickly so clumps may need to be divided about every three years. It can also tolerate clay soil.

Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Monarda

Species: didyma

Plant type: Hardy perennial

Flower colour: Pink

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Flowers, Aromatic foliage, Attractive to wildlife

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Moist

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 90cm

Spread: 45cm

Time to plant seeds: March to May

Time to divide plants: March to May

Flowering period: June to August

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