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Monarda didyma


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Key information

Plant type

Hardy perennial

Flower colour



Flowers, Aromatic foliage, Attractive to wildlife



Skill level


Monarda didyma

Plant details

Bergamot, Monarda didyma, has distinctive flowerheads, each one consists of a large number of curving tubular flowers growing out from a central point, creating a shaggy dome of petals. The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and blooms almost continuously if deadheaded periodically. Bergamot foliage is aromatic, and leaves are sometimes picked for pot-pourri. On soil that stays moist, plants can spread fairly quickly so clumps may need to be divided about every three years.

Monarda didyma is extremely attractive to bees. Grow plants in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Mulch around the roots with garden compost annually, and divide congested clumps in spring.

Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Monarda

Species: didyma

Plant type: Hardy perennial

Flower colour: Pink

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Flowers, Aromatic foliage, Attractive to wildlife

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Moist

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 90cm

Spread: 45cm

Time to plant seeds: March to May

Time to divide plants: March to May

Flowering period: June to August

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