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Bergamot, Monarda didyma, has distinctive flowerheads, each one consists of a large number of curving tubular flowers growing out from a central point, creating a shaggy dome of petals. The plant has a long flowering season, from early summer to early autumn, and blooms almost continuously if deadheaded periodically. Bergamot foliage is aromatic, and leaves are sometimes picked for pot-pourri. On soil that stays moist, plants can spread fairly quickly so clumps may need to be divided about every three years.
Monarda didyma is extremely attractive to bees. Grow plants in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Mulch around the roots with garden compost annually, and divide congested clumps in spring.
Plant type: Hardy perennial
Flower colour: Pink
Foliage colour: Mid-green
Feature: Flowers, Aromatic foliage, Attractive to wildlife
Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade
Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Moist
Skill level: Beginner
Time to plant seeds: March to May
Time to divide plants: March to May
Flowering period: June to August
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