Parrotia persica

Persian ironwood

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous shrub

Flower colour



Autumn colour, Colourful bark, Flowers



Skill level


photo by Neil Holmes, copyright GAP Photos (43842)

Plant details

The Persian ironwood, introduced over 150 years ago from northern Iran, is a magnificent autumn highlight in larger gardens, either as a large multi-stemmed shrub or as a specimen tree that can reach 9-10m (30-33ft). Its branches spread widely, taking up a lot of space and making a vivid display in autumn when its tough, shapely leaves turn brilliant crimson and gold. Older plants bear attractive flowers, resembling crimson paintbrushes, before the leaves appear. It tolerates lime, but colours best on acid soils. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it the Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Family: Hamamelidaceae

Genus: Parrotia

Species: persica

Plant type: Deciduous shrub

Flower colour: Pink

Foliage colour: Dark green

Feature: Autumn colour, Colourful bark, Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light, Acidic, Moist

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 900cm

Spread: 1000cm

Flowering period: February to March

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