Pinus mugo subsp. mugo

Swiss mountain pine

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Key information

Plant type

Evergreen tree


Dramatic foliage



Skill level


photo by John Glover, copyright GAP Photos (16202)

Plant details

The Swiss mountain pine is a spreading cone-shaped conifer, with long mid-green needles that cover its branches. As the tree grows lower branches need to be removed to reveal the trunk. Very hardy and ideal for cold areas or an exposed garden. Although it is ultimately a large tree, it?s quite slow growing and will tolerate pruning to prevent it from getting too large. Mature plants produce attractive brown cones.

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Species: mugo

Cultivar: subsp. mugo

Plant type: Evergreen tree

Foliage colour: Dark green

Feature: Dramatic foliage

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Dry

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 500cm

Spread: 300cm

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