Abies balsamea

Abies balsamea

Christmas tree

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Abies balsamea
  • Common name: Christmas tree
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Evergreen

Height: 40m

Spread: 20m

Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Aromatic foliage, Cones

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Abies are evergreen conifers with long narrow leaves, borne in whorls on the branches. They are best grown in full sun, planted in a moist, fertile soil with good drainage. Most Abies are long lived, and some species can reach heights above 60m. 

Abies balsamea, one of the much smaller and shorter-lived species, comonly used as a Christmas tree. It has has dense, fresh green needle-like leaves, an attractive grey bark, scented resin and bears cylindrical cones that are purplish in colour.

Grow Abies balsamea in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Water regularly during hot dry weather.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

Care routine

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: No toxic effects reported for this plant.

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