Betula pendula

Betula pendula

Silver birch

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Flowers
Flowers
Yes
Yes

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Betula pendula
  • Common name: Silver birch
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Deciduous

Height: 25m

Spread: 10m

Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Attractive to wildlife, Colourful bark, Flowers

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The plain silver or common birch, Betula pendula, is a fantastic landscape tree, grown for its white bark, spring catkins and pretty yellow autumn foliage. It's a fantastic choice for wildlife, supporting a wide range of species including moths and birds. It makes a fine hedge, or may be grown as a screen or windbreak. It also works well as a specimen tree in a large garden. It has a graceful, upright habit which gradually becomes weeping with maturity. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Like all birches, Betula pendula thrives in most situations, but for best results grow in moist but well-drained soil in sun to partial shade. It can be grown on its own as a focal point in the garden, or in groups.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade, Partial shade
  • Aspect: North facing, East facing, South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Back
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Acidic

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Nectar/pollen rich flowers, Provides shelter/habitat, Nesting material for birds, Makes a good wildlife hedge, Seeds for birds, Caterpillar food plant

Care routine

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: No toxic effects reported for this plant.

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