Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus

Hornbeam

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Carpinus betulus
  • Common name: Hornbeam
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Deciduous

Height: 25m

Spread: 20m

Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Attractive to wildlife, Autumn colour

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Similar in appearance to beech, hornbeam, Carpinus betulus, makes a superb specimen tree or hedging plant. Grown as a tree, it has a pyramidal shape that later becomes more rounded. As a formal hedge it requires clipping once a year in mid- to late summer to keep it looking tidy. Although it is deciduous, it retains its coppery dead leaves throughout the winter so it remains an effective screen. Green catkins appear in spring and winged nuts develop in autumn.

For best results grow Carpinus betulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade
  • Aspect: South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Back
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Chalky/alkaline

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Provides shelter/habitat, Makes a good wildlife hedge

Care routine

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sow
Sow
Yes
Yes
Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Prune
Prune
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

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