Euonymus europaeus

Euonymus europaeus

Spindle

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Flowers
Flowers
Yes
Yes

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Euonymus europaeus
  • Common name: Spindle
  • Plant type: Shrub
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Deciduous

Height: 3m

Spread: 2.5m

Flower colour:
  • Green
Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Attractive seed-heads, Autumn colour, Flowers

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The spindle tree, Euonymus europaeus, is a large native shrub, producing dense hard wood that traditionally was used for making spindles and other small implements. In autumn the foliage turns a dramatic shade of red, complementing the orange-pink winged fruit, which remain on the tree long after the leaves have fallen.

Euonymus europaeus is the perfect shrub to plant as a focal point in the front garden, where its beauty can be appreciated. But it also works well in a winter border, underplanted with spring flowers. For best results grow in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade
  • Aspect: North facing, East facing, South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Middle
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Chalky/alkaline

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Seeds for birds

Care routine

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Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: Purgative if ingested

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