Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea

Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea

Copper beech

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Key Information

  • Botanical name: Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea
  • Common name: Copper beech
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Deciduous

Height: 40m

Spread: 8m

Flower colour:
  • Pink
Foliage colours:
  • Bronze
  • Purple
  • Features: Attractive to wildlife, Autumn colour

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The European beech, Fagus sylvatica, is a large deciduous tree that can reach 40 metres tall when fully grown. In gardens, beech is a popular plant for hedging and pleaching. In autumn, the glossy green leaves turn beautiful shades of yellow and orange. Like hornbeam, beech has marcescent leaves i.e. dead leaves that are held on the plant through winter, before being pushed off by newly emerging leaves in spring.

Beech trees tend to be found growing on well-drained soils, particularly chalk and limestone soils.

Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea is a beautiful variant commonly known as copper beech, with deep purple-bronze foliage, making it a more dramatic alternative to the species. For best results, grow Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea in full sun or partial shade, in a well-drained soil. 

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade, Partial shade
  • Aspect: East facing, South facing, West facing
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Chalky/alkaline, Acidic

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Provides shelter/habitat, Makes a good wildlife hedge, Seeds for birds, Caterpillar food plant

Care routine

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Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: No toxic effects reported for this plant.

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