Ficus carica

Ficus carica

Fig

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Flowers
Flowers
Yes
Yes
Fruits
Fruits
Yes
Yes

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Ficus carica
  • Common name: Fig
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Deciduous

Height: 4.5m

Spread: 3m

Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Attractive to wildlife, Dramatic foliage, Fruit

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Fig, Ficus carica, is native to Syria and Persia, and has been grown in Britain since Roman times. Only a few varieties are hardy enough for outdoor cultivation on warm walls, where they survive most winters unscathed – very hard prolonged frosts may kill all the top growth, but plants revive from below ground. They are best trained on wires for ease of management, with the roots restricted (container cultivation is always successful), otherwise plants make more leaf than fruit. 

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade
  • Aspect: South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Middle, Back
  • Hardiness: Half hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Seeds for birds

Care routine

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Harvest
Harvest
Yes
Yes
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Take cuttings
Take cuttings
Yes
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: Irritates skin, Purgative if ingested

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