Helleborus niger

Helleborus niger

Christmas rose

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Flowers
Flowers
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Key Information

  • Botanical name: Helleborus niger
  • Common name: Christmas rose
  • Plant type: Perennial
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Evergreen

Height: 45cm

Spread: 45cm

Flower colour:
  • White
Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Attractive to wildlife, Flowers

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The Christmas rose, Helleborus niger, bears large, round, white flat-faced flowers above low-growing mounds of leathery, deep green foliage. It's perfect for growing at the front of a partially shaded border and makes an excellent cut flower – simply float the blooms in a bowl of water to display them.

For best results grow Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained soil in partial shade. Mulch annually with well-rotted compost or manure, and cut back the old leaves as flowers and new foliage appear. Like all hellebores, Helleborus niger dislikes being moved once established, so should not be divided. Given the right conditions, it will self-seed quite sufficiently to provide replacements.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade, Partial shade, Full shade
  • Aspect: North facing, East facing, South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Front
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Maintenance: Prefers rich soil
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Chalky/alkaline, Acidic

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Nectar/pollen rich flowers

Care routine

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Plant
Plant
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Prune
Prune
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Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: Irritates skin, Harmful if ingested

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Related content

Related offers

Offer

Three free hellebores

Order the collection of 12 'Double Ellen' hellebores for just £19.50 (saving £4.50), and receive three Helleborus niger 'Praecox' (Christmas Rose) plants with your order for free.

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Offer

Subscriber only content

Hellebores in flower 3 for 2

Buy one established, 12cm-potted Helleborus 'Mont Blanc' plant in full flower for £9, or get '3 for 2' with the triple collection, comprising three plants for just £18.

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HALF PRICE

Subscriber only content

Free with your order

Buy a half-price winter flowering shrub collection for just £19.50 (normally £39) and receive three Helleborus niger ‘Praecox’ (Christmas rose) plants for free.

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