Olea europaea

Olea europaea

Olive

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Flowers
Flowers
Yes
Yes
Fruits
Fruits
Yes
Yes
Yes

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Olea europaea
  • Common name: Olive
  • Plant type: Tree
  • Evergreen/Deciduous: Evergreen

Height: 10m

Spread: 10m

Flower colour:
  • White
Foliage colour:
  • Silver
  • Features: Dramatic foliage, Fruit

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The olive, Olea europaea, is an attractive, slow-growing evergreen tree of Mediterranean origin. It forms a rounded head of small, silver-grey leaves and is tolerant of hot, dry conditions. Tiny creamy-white flowers appear in summer, followed by small, round green olives that ripen to black.

In the Mediterranean Olea europaea is cultivated widely for its fruits. In the UK they are not fully hardy and require a warm, sheltered spot to thrive. Alternatively grow in a large pot and move into the shelter of a cool greenhouse over the winter months.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Aspect: South facing, West facing
  • Position in border: Middle, Back
  • Hardiness: Half hardy
  • Maintenance: Needs regular watering in pots
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

Care routine

J F M A M J J A S O N D
Plant
Plant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: No toxic effects reported for this plant.

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