Primula vulgaris

Primula vulgaris

Primrose

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Flowers
Flowers
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Yes
Yes

Key Information

  • Botanical name: Primula vulgaris
  • Common name: Primrose
  • Plant type: Perennial

Height: 20cm

Spread: 35cm

Flower colour:
  • Yellow
Foliage colour:
  • Green
  • Features: Flowers

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The primrose, Primula vulgaris, is one of the most familar signs of spring. Typically found in woodlands and benath hedgerows, it thrives in damp shade in a variety of situations. It provides an early source of nectar and pollen for bees and other pollinators, and is used as a caterpillar foodplant by several species of moth.

Grow Primula vulgaris in a cool, shaded spot such as a woodland border. It associates particularly well with daffodils, which flower at the same time. Allow plants to self seed and naturalise around the garden. Mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost.

Position

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, Dappled shade, Partial shade
  • Aspect: North facing, East facing, South facing, West facing
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained/light/sandy, Clay/heavy/moist, Chalky/alkaline, Acidic

Wildlife

Attracts:
  • Bees

  • Beneficial insects

  • Birds

  • Butterflies / Moths

  • Other pollinators

  • Wildlife features: Nectar/pollen rich flowers, Caterpillar food plant

Care routine

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Plant
Plant
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Yes
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Toxicity

Toxic to:
  • People

  • Cats

  • Dogs

  • Birds

  • Horses

  • Livestock

  • Effects: Purgative if ingested

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