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Smyrnium perfoliatum


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Key information

Plant type


Flower colour






Skill level


photo by Martin Hughes-Jones, copyright GAP Photos (144133)

Plant details

This eye-catching biennial is a great favourite with flower arrangers who use it to fill out displays. Its leaves are rounded in shape and encircle the stems. They are lime-green at the top of the plant, darkening in colour as they progress down the stem. Small yellowish green flowers appear in summer. Like all biennials, it is best sown in May or June. Plants will flower the following year.

Family: Apiaceae

Genus: Smyrnium

Species: perfoliatum

Plant type: Biennial

Flower colour: Green

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Moist

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Beginner

Height: 90cm

Spread: 60cm

Time to plant seeds: May to June

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