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Trachycarpus fortunei

Chusan palm

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Key information

Plant type

Evergreen tree

Flower colour



Flowers, Fruit



Skill level


Trachycarpus fortunei
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Plant details

The hemp or windmill palm, also listed sometimes as Chamaerops excelsa, is a fine evergreen Himalayan palm, medium-sized in gardens but ultimately 10-12m (33-40ft) after a century or so in a good climate. It is the hardiest of the trachycarpus species, and thrives in mild seaside gardens, where it flowers and seeds itself freely, adding tropical flair to planting schemes. Elsewhere it requires the shelter of a warm wall to protect it from frost and the cold winds which can shred its huge fan-shaped leaves. In cold gardens, it is best grown as a container plant. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

Family: Arecaceae

Genus: Trachycarpus

Species: fortunei

Plant type: Evergreen tree

Flower colour: Yellow

Foliage colour: Mid-green

Feature: Flowers, Fruit

Sun exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Soil: Well-drained/light

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 1200cm

Spread: 250cm

Time to plant seeds: September to May

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