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Composted fallen leaves, or the detritus of partially decayed leaves found under trees.
The John Innes Horticultural Institute was founded in 1904, 'for the improvement of horticulture by experiment and research'. It was set up with money bequeathed by a London businessman of Scottish descent.John Innes composts were developed
Watch Monty Don's video demonstration on collecting leaves and storing them to create leaf mould, with storage techniques for both large and small gardens.autumnMore on leaf mould and compostingHow to build a leaf heapAdvice on collecting autumn
Greenhouse tomatoes are often planted in grow bags, but outdoor crops can also be grown in this way too. A good alternative to a specialist grow bag is to try planting in a 60 or 75 litre sack of multi-purpose compost. This will provide your plants
Any plant that grows either completely submerged in, or with leaves and flowers emerging from, water. It may be rooted in the soil or compost under water, or be free floating.
The practice of improving soil, by adding a layer of fertiliser to the surface and allowing it to settle in without digging over. Replacing the top layer of soil with compost.
Give wooden furniture a facelift, sanding smooth then applying teak wood oilCut back climbing plants that are hanging down from arches and pergolas Empty, mix and refill compost bins to improve the composting processWater hydrangeas with a colourant
Trim hedges to keep them neat, then shred and compost the clippingsTop up compost or bark mulches around heathersHoe and hand weed bordersWater hanging baskets and patio containers regularlyPlace orders for bulbs to plant this autumnDeadhead flowers