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Rich, fertile soil, with a balance of sand, clay and humus.
Soil with a pH of 7. It's neither acid nor alkaline.
The area of soil taken up by a plant's roots.
An offshoot of the parent plant that runs along the soil surface, which produces roots at the nodes.
A leafless flower stem arising directly from the soil.
The fine, loose surface layer of soil, resulting from tilling.
The layer of soil nearest the surface, which can reach a depth of around 30cm.
The aerobically decomposed remnants of organic matter used to enrich soil.Peat-free composts commonly consist of composted bark, wood fibre and coir, with added nutrients. Using peat-free composts has considerable environmental benefits
A complex single cell organism that's common wherever there is water - oceans, lakes, ponds and soil.
The term used for fungal ailments, usually affecting seedlings, that cause the stem to rot off at soil level.