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Clear faded growth of golden hops and annual climbers from pergolas and trellisPlant bare-root roses in well-prepared soilTransplant shrubs and conifers that have outgrown their positionCut down chrysanthemums to soil level after floweringMake leaf
Cover soil with cloches to warm it for early sowingsFinish winter pruning fruit trees and soft fruitsCut stems of autumn-fruiting raspberries to soil levelChit seed potatoes, standing them in trays in a light but frost-free positionPlant Jerusalem
Ever wondered what the ingredients of great compost are? Chris Beardshaw shows you what to put on your heap and what to leave off, to create black gold for your garden.all year roundMore tips on how to improve your soilBuild a compost binHow to make
Any plant that grows either completely submerged in, or with leaves and flowers emerging from, water. It may be rooted in the soil or compost under water, or be free floating.
The heating of soil or propagation medium for the propagation/germination of plants. It can take the form of undersoil electric cabling, a temperature-controlled mat or other bottom heating unit.
Refers to roots that shrink vertically, drawing the plant down into the soil, especially in time of drought. They help position the plant at an appropriate level in the ground.
1) A narrow furrow in the soil for sowing seed. 2) A row of small plants resulting from sowing seeds in a furrow.
Also referred to as ridging, to earth up is to cover roots with a thick layer of soil. It's particularly associated with potatoes, to prevent greening of the tubers.
Winter prune apple treesPrune away stems of autumn-fruiting raspberries at soil levelPrepare sites to plant new fruit trees and bushes, by improving soil with lots of organic matterHoe bare areas to remove weed seedlingsUse straw to prevent soil
Refers to non-animal, non-vegetable substances that do not contain carbon. Often applied to chemical products used to improve the soil.