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A large, woody, perennial plant that has one stem and a defined crown of branches and foliage.
A thicket or copse of small trees.
The woody, main stem of a tree.
The practice of pruning tree branches back to the trunk to encourage the production of young shoots and foliage. Often used in the development of ornamental trees.
A fungus that attacks trees and woody shrubs. Infection spreads via the roots, and an infected tree will die once the fungus has girdled it, or caused extensive root rot.
A layer of vegetation, comprising shrubs and small trees, which grows beneath larger trees. Ground cover in a forest or wood.
The massed flower bunches seen on decorative and fruiting trees and some shrubs.
Refers to the length of clear tree trunk, from soil level up to the first branch.
The deliberate planting of trees, hedges or shrubs to provide fields or gardens with protection from strong winds.
The aromatic dried flower bud of a tree in the Myrtacaea family, native to Indonesia.