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Papaver somniferum

Opium poppy

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Papaver somniferum
  • Common name: Opium poppy
  • Family: Papaveraceae
  • Plant Type: Annual, Evergreen
Flower colour:

Red

Foliage colour:

Green

Papaver somniferum

The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, is an attractive plant with hairy, blue-green foliage from which blowsy, extravagent blooms emerge in summer. The flowers can be single or double, in a rich variety of colours purple, mauve, white and red. Individual flowers do not last long, but others follow, each producing a large seed-head, which is very attractive in its own right. Given the right conditions it will self-seed profusely.

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Grow Papaver somniferum in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

How to grow Papaver somniferum

  • Plant size

    1.2m height

    30cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Middle

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow
Sow

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Collect seeds
Collect seeds

Do not Collect seeds in January

Do not Collect seeds in February

Do not Collect seeds in March

Do not Collect seeds in April

Do not Collect seeds in May

Do not Collect seeds in June

Do not Collect seeds in July

Do not Collect seeds in August

Do Collect seeds in September

Do Collect seeds in October

Do not Collect seeds in November

Do not Collect seeds in December

Papaver somniferum and wildlife

Papaver somniferum is known for attracting bees. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers.

Attractive to Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Does not attract Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Does not attract Other pollinators

Is Papaver somniferum poisonous?

Papaver somniferum can be toxic.

Toxic to:

Toxic to Cats

Toxic to Dogs

Toxic to People

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock