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Growing gooseberries

Shop-bought gooseberries can be disappointing – a few miserable berries rattling around in an over-priced punnet simply can’t compare to plump, sun-ripened fruit plucked straight from a bush in your back garden. Once you’ve tried home-grown gooseberries, you’ll settle for nothing less.

Luckily, gooseberries are easy to grow. It only takes a couple of years for them to produce around 2.5kg of fruit per bush, and the yield increases as the plants become more mature. You can eat them straight off the bush or use them to make gooseberry fool, pie or crumble.

Discover how to get the best results when growing your own gooseberries, below.


Soaking the bare-root plant in water

Most gooseberries are bought as bare-root plants in late-autumn or early spring. Before planting, stand the plants in a bucket of water, leaving them to soak for about 20 minutes. This will reinvigorate the plants and help them to establish successfully.

Firming soil around the base of the gooseberry plant

Dig a large hole and fork well-rotted manure into the base. Add slow-release fertiliser to poor soils. Position the plant with the stem at the same level in the soil as it was previously - which is identified by a 'tide mark' on the stem. Back-fill and firm well using your feet.

Weeding around the base of a gooseberry plant

Use a hoe to weed regularly around the base of the bush to help reduce competition for moisture and food. Annual weeds can simply be left to shrivel in the sun.

Prune out heavy crops of gooseberries in the first year

Keep plants well watered as berries start to form. In the first year, it’s also worth thinning out the fruits slightly if there’s a heavy crop, so the plants don’t overexert themselves. Keep an eye out for larvae of the gooseberry sawfly, which can devastate plants, as well as signs of gooseberry mildew.

Pruning gooseberries

Prune the plants in summer to improve air circulation around the plant, helping to prevent disease problems. It also makes picking easier. Reduce young growth of outer shoots by about half, so each branch has around five leaves. (Watch Monty Don's video for tips on winter-pruning gooseberries.)

Picking gooseberries

Gooseberries will be much sweeter and juicier if they're allowed to ripen fully before harvesting. The ripest berries are slightly soft, so gently squeeze them to find out when they're ready to pick.




Discuss this plant feature

Talkback: Growing gooseberries
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bshaw 16/02/2012 at 19:09

Caterpillars eat their way through all the leaves on my gooseberries even though I spend hours picking them off, is there anything I can do? We put a cage over them as soon as it starts to get warm to stop the butterflies laying eggs but still have a problem - help.

Jasmine5 17/02/2012 at 12:49

Can you successfully grow gooseberries in a large pot? I had probably two handfulls off mine last year but wondered whether this would continue as it was still in a pot?

Claire de Mortimer 17/02/2012 at 21:59

I always, always get so excited that I eat the Goosgogs before they have had time to ripen.
Mine, I have 2 bushes are planted up in an old bath. And, the caterpillars do turn a lovely bright green after eating the leaves. I encouraged to birds to get in to the bushs by raising them up. And, I've changed my view on squishing the caterpillars - if I concentrate I'm sure that I can't hear a 'pop' and smell goosegogs!!

frank2 01/03/2012 at 21:03

most years I get invaded by caterpillars, they stripo the leaves in no time and prehaps this reduces the fruit crop??

frank ashford Somerset

Railfan15 08/07/2012 at 22:32

Why have my red fruit bushes yielded a crop of green fruits this year? No signs of colour change as they ripened. ll harvested now because of the awful weather.

Red bushes are next to two green bushes.

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