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10 uses for nettles

Nettles have a bad reputation among gardeners. Although they sting and are invasive if left unchecked, there are numerous ways they can be put to positive use in both your garden and kitchen. Learn more, below.

Nettles are a magnet for beneficial wildlife, they can be made into great plant food and are a surprisingly versatile ingredient in the kitchen.

The nettle we're used to in the UK is Urtica dioica, a perennial plant full of iron, calcium, magnesium and nitrogen, which makes it incredibly nutritious for both other plants and humans.

Follow our tips on putting nettles to good use - but be sure to wear gloves at all times when handling them.


Nettles in a steamer

A hearty nettle soup

For a basic soup you'll need about 200g of fresh nettle tips. Add 450g of potatoes, peeled and cubed, a dash of cream and one litre of stock. Boil the potatoes until soft and steam the nettles. Drain the spuds and add the nettles and stock. Bring the boil, whisk with a hand blender, add a dash of cream and season.

Pouring water over nettles to make tea

Spring greens

Nettles can be used in exactly the same way as spinach - almost any recipe containing spinach could contain nettles as an alternative. For a simple side dish, they're best steamed for around five minutes.

Butterfly

Reviving nettle tea

As well as being delicious, nettle tea is reputed to help combat several ailments, including eczema, asthma, hay fever and muscle aches. Just steep a few fresh tips in boiling water, removing them when the water goes slightly green, to avoid bitterness.

Nettle beer

Nettles help butterflies

Nettles are key to the survival of butterflies, as they are the primary food source for many caterpillars including those of the comma, tortoiseshell and peacock. Without nettles caterpillars would go in search of alternative food sources - probably one of your favourite plants.

Nettle liquid feed

Nettle beer

All you need to make nettle beer is nettles, sugar, water, yeast, an orange, a lemon and cream of tartar. There are plenty of nettle beer recipes online.

Aphids on foliage

Nettle liquid feed

To make nitrogen-rich nettle feed, cut or crush the nettles into small pieces and cram into a large container. Weigh the nettles down with bricks, and submerge with water (store away from the house, to avoid the smell). Leave for three or four weeks then dilute for direct use (one part concentrate to 10 parts water).

Ladybirds

Nettles as aphid trap

Although aphids suck plants sap, stunting growth, they are also a vital source of food for many beneficial insects and birds. Aphids love nettles, which you can grow as 'sacrificial' plants, saving valuable ornamentals. (The aphids might stunt the nettle growth, too.)

Nettle shoot emerging from soil

Nettles for ladybirds

Nettles are the number one destination for ladybirds with eggs to lay. These eggs turn into ladybird larvae, which predate on garden pests, including aphids, whitefly and red spider mite.

Gardener adding nettles to a compost heap

Nettles as soil indicator

Nettles are actually quite fussy about the soil in which they will grow. They require a soil rich in phosphates and nitrogen to thrive. If you see a patch, grow plants alongside that thrive in similar conditions. Dig up nettles at the end of each season to prevent their fleshy roots spreading out of control.

10 uses for nettles: a gardener, wearing gloves, adding nettles to a compost heap

Nettles on the compost heap

Chopped nettles act as a natural activator and speed up the decomposition process in compost heaps. For the best results, make sure the nettles are thoroughly mixed with lots of different materials - dry, wet, soft and woody - otherwise they become slimy. Don't add nettle roots, unless your heap is very hot.




Discuss this plant feature

Talkback: 10 uses for nettles
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spidea 24/11/2011 at 15:29

I like nettles and have found lots more uses for them and made a pamphlet about it at this fairly unpleasant link: https://docs.google.com/fileview?id=0B5J_maf0-xotNDhmYTllM2YtYjljMS00Zjc5LWFjMWUtMjJlY2FkZjg5NTdj&hl=en

Froginhood 24/11/2011 at 15:29

Only query I have on this excellent article is what do you mean by
"the end of each season". I have asked already in 2 places at what stage it is best to cut the nettles down to avoid sacrificing butterflies and ladybirds.
I let a big patch grow in my garden but the "gardener" I paid to tidy it up massacred them. I only have a few left and fear we have destroyed a lot of butterfly eggs. I really need to have a plan for keeping them in check.

Froginhood

shazzza1 13/04/2012 at 00:08

hi i have some nettles that grow under some conifers, an it says to grow some plants witch plants could you grow under conifers because some color would be good.

Peat B 19/07/2012 at 17:59

Making nettle soup with spuds, is quite superb as a health pick-me-up ! Two weeks of regular quaffing of this stuff makes one into a Nettle 'Souper Man'! I am a confirmed and certificated Hypochondriac, and after a fortnight, I cannot find a thing wrong ! Bloody stuff !

kaycurtis 19/07/2012 at 21:50

I live by the railway which is full of nettles, they spill over into me garden but butterflies are so rare now. when I moved here in 1975 the place was buzzing with wild life, birds bees butterflies grasshoppers frogs toads newts grass snakes slow worms even adders in abundance, they are still here, not in the same numbers, I even used to have butterflies overwinter in my house but no more. the fact that the m25 was built through the middle of the village changed the water table and left a never ending scar on the landscape, depriving all these creatures of their natural habitat, sorry but you must blame the government for mindless distruction of our countryside.

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