Left to grow naturally, fruit trees will reach a height of at least 5m - far too big for the average garden, and not practical to harvest fruit from. For this reason, many fruit trees are grafted on to a root system, or 'rootstock' of a related tree that keeps them a more manageable size. These range from dwarfing rootstocks, ideal for small or medium-sized gardens, to those that produce a huge mature tree.
Discover the 10 best fruits for containers.
When buying a fruit tree, the label or product information should give details about the rootstock it is grafted on to. If you buy fruit trees from a specialist nursery, they will be happy to give you advice.
Here's our guide to fruit tree rootstocks.
Plums and cherries
Peaches, nectarines and apricots
Peaches, nectarines and apricots are usually grown on a semi-dwarfing ‘St Julian A’ rootstock, but it is summer pruning and training that limits their size. Grow on a south-facing wall.