Salix caprea 'Kilmarnock'

Kilmarnock willow

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Key information

Plant type

Deciduous tree

Flower colour






Skill level


photo by Visions, copyright GAP Photos (45072)

Plant details

The basic species of goat willow, also known as great sallow or pussy willow, is a bushy upright large shrub or medium-sized tree, up to 15m (50ft) high and found growing in damp woodlands and hedgerows. The Kilmarnock willow was found growing wild in Scotland, where it formed an arching bush less than 3m (10ft) high and has since become popular in gardens as a trained or grafted standard. 'Kilmarnock' is a male form with silver catkins that appear sometimes as early as December, but in March develop golden tips as the anthers appear.

Family: Saliaceae

Genus: Salix

Species: caprea

Cultivar: Kilmarnock

Plant type: Deciduous tree

Flower colour: Yellow

Foliage colour: Dark green

Feature: Flowers

Sun exposure: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Moist

Hardiness: Hardy

Skill level: Experienced

Height: 200cm

Spread: 200cm

Reader reviews


I have a Kilmarnock shrub that has yellow discolouration of the leaves, is this due to a fungus or mineral deficiency? and how could I treat it?

Thanks Gwen


We purchased a Willow last year, and it is growing wonderfully. It is a grafted one, and we have noticed that there are new long shoots just above the base. Does anyone know what Willows are generally grafted onto? The leaves are long and thin and look nothing like the leaves on the rest of the tree. We have no intentions to cut the shoots off, but were wondering what it could be.

Would be really appreciative of any help!


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