Blechnum spicant

Hard fern

  • Botanical name: Blechnum spicant
  • Common name: Hard fern
  • Family: Blechnaceae
  • Plant Type: Perennial
Foliage colour:


Hard fern, Blechnum spicant, has tough leathery, glossy fronds. These are ladder-shaped, and older fronds form a loose rosette around the more upright central ones. It provides year-round interest for a shady spot and works well with other shade-loving, woodland plants. It can also be used in dry stone walls and rock gardens. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).


Grow Blechnum spicant in well-drained soil in partial to full shade. Mulch annually with leafmould.

How to grow Blechnum spicant

  • Plant size

    45cm height

    60cm spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing

  • Sun exposure: Dappled shade, partial shade, full shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist / chalky / alkaline

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do Plant in July

Do Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December


Do not Divide in January

Do not Divide in February

Do Divide in March

Do Divide in April

Do Divide in May

Do not Divide in June

Do not Divide in July

Do not Divide in August

Do not Divide in September

Do not Divide in October

Do not Divide in November

Do not Divide in December

Blechnum spicant and wildlife

Blechnum spicant has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Blechnum spicant poisonous?

Blechnum spicant has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Blechnum spicant